Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2794704
Title: Ferroelectrical properties of W-doped lead zirconate titanate
Authors: Zhang, Z. 
Lu, L. 
Shu, C. 
Wu, P.
Song, W.
Issue Date: 2007
Source: Zhang, Z., Lu, L., Shu, C., Wu, P., Song, W. (2007). Ferroelectrical properties of W-doped lead zirconate titanate. Journal of Applied Physics 102 (7) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2794704
Abstract: Effects of the dopant W on the ferroelectric properties of Pb (Zr0.3 Ti0.7) O3 (PZT) have been studied. The PZT and PZT doped with W (PZTW) thin films were deposited on LaNi O3 bottom electrodes by pulsed laser deposition at an oxygen partial pressure of 300 mTorr. X-ray diffraction of PZTW films revealed pure perovskite structure with increased (110) orientation, compared to that of PZT films with high (l00) orientation. Both secondary ion mass spectrometry and x-ray photoelectron spectra tests confirmed the existence of W ions in the PZTW films. Although the PZTW film showed decreased remnant polarization, the saturation polarization is increased and the coercive field was greatly lowered. Moreover, the PZTW film demonstrated an improved fatigue behavior than PZT film. The W dopants are believed to contribute to the improvement of the ferroelectric behavior of PZT thin films. Ab initio calculation indicated that the formation energy of the oxygen vacancies in PZT lattice under Pb-deficient conditions can be greatly increased by doping W, leading to a suppression of oxygen vacancy concentration. Furthermore, the W 5d states share the conduction band minimum with Ti 3d states, which helps reduce the occupation of Ti 3d states by the electrons released from oxygen vacancies. Therefore, the PZTW is less susceptible to fatigue. © 2007 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/60312
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.2794704
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