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Title: Ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) thin films on Si substrate with the Β phase promoted by hydrated magnesium nitrate
Authors: Chen, S.
Yao, K.
Tay, F.E.H. 
Liow, C.L.
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Chen, S., Yao, K., Tay, F.E.H., Liow, C.L. (2007). Ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) thin films on Si substrate with the Β phase promoted by hydrated magnesium nitrate. Journal of Applied Physics 102 (10) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Solution derived poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) homopolymer thin films on silicon substrates with the addition of hydrated salt [Mg (NO3) 2 6 H2 O] were systematically investigated. Β phase dominant ferroelectric PVDF thin films with a remnant polarization of 77 mC m2 were achieved by optimizing the concentration of Mg (NO3) 2 6 H2 O and the processing condition. Our experimental results and theoretical analysis indicated that the hydrogen bonds between water in the hydrated salt and the PVDF molecules result in the interchain registration of the all-trans conformation, and the hydrated salt acts as the nucleation agent and promotes the crystallization of the Β phase. The obtained effective d33 was -14.5 pmV, tested with a laser scanning vibrometer, without taking into account the substrate clamping effect. The numerical simulation, after considering the elastic constrain of the substrate, determined that the corresponding actual d33 is -30.8 pmV, which is comparable to that of uniaxially stretched piezoelectric PVDF films. © 2007 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.2812702
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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