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Title: Effects of a robot-assisted training of grasp and pronation/supination in chronic stroke: A pilot study
Authors: Lambercy, O.
Dovat, L.
Yun, H.
Wee, S.K.
Kuah, C.W.
Chua, K.S.
Gassert, R.
Milner, T.E.
Teo, C.L. 
Burdet, E. 
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Lambercy, O., Dovat, L., Yun, H., Wee, S.K., Kuah, C.W., Chua, K.S., Gassert, R., Milner, T.E., Teo, C.L., Burdet, E. (2011). Effects of a robot-assisted training of grasp and pronation/supination in chronic stroke: A pilot study. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 8 (1) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Rehabilitation of hand function is challenging, and only few studies have investigated robot-assisted rehabilitation focusing on distal joints of the upper limb. This paper investigates the feasibility of using the HapticKnob, a table-top end-effector device, for robot-assisted rehabilitation of grasping and forearm pronation/supination, two important functions for activities of daily living involving the hand, and which are often impaired in chronic stroke patients. It evaluates the effectiveness of this device for improving hand function and the transfer of improvement to arm function. Methods. A single group of fifteen chronic stroke patients with impaired arm and hand functions (Fugl-Meyer motor assessment scale (FM) 10-45/66) participated in a 6-week 3-hours/week rehabilitation program with the HapticKnob. Outcome measures consisted primarily of the FM and Motricity Index (MI) and their respective subsections related to distal and proximal arm function, and were assessed at the beginning, end of treatment and in a 6-weeks follow-up. Results: Thirteen subjects successfully completed robot-assisted therapy, with significantly improved hand and arm motor functions, demonstrated by an average 3.00 points increase on the FM and 4.55 on the MI at the completion of the therapy (4.85 FM and 6.84 MI six weeks post-therapy). Improvements were observed both in distal and proximal components of the clinical scales at the completion of the study (2.00 FM wrist/hand, 2.55 FM shoulder/elbow, 2.23 MI hand and 4.23 MI shoulder/elbow). In addition, improvements in hand function were observed, as measured by the Motor Assessment Scale, grip force, and a decrease in arm muscle spasticity. These results were confirmed by motion data collected by the robot. Conclusions: The results of this study show the feasibility of this robot-assisted therapy with patients presenting a large range of impairment levels. A significant homogeneous improvement in both hand and arm function was observed, which was maintained 6 weeks after end of the therapy. © 2011 Lambercy et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation
ISSN: 17430003
DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-8-63
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