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Title: Effect of ultrasound on cyprid footprint and juvenile barnacle adhesion on a fouling release material
Authors: Guo, S.
Khoo, B.C. 
Teo, S.L.M. 
Zhong, S.
Lim, C.T. 
Lee, H.P. 
Keywords: Adhesion strength
Barnacle cyprid footprint
Silicone substrates
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2014
Source: Guo, S., Khoo, B.C., Teo, S.L.M., Zhong, S., Lim, C.T., Lee, H.P. (2014-03-01). Effect of ultrasound on cyprid footprint and juvenile barnacle adhesion on a fouling release material. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 115 : 118-124. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In our earlier studies, we have demonstrated that low and high intensity ultrasound can prevent barnacle cyprid settlement. In this study, we found that ultrasound treatment reduced the adhesion of newly metamorphosed barnacles up to 2 days' old. This was observed in the reduction of adhesion strength of the newly settled barnacles from ultrasound treated cyprids on silicone substrate compared to the adhesion strength of barnacles metamorphosed from cyprids not exposed to ultrasound. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to analyze the effect of ultrasound on barnacle cyprid footprints (FPs), which are protein adhesives secreted when the larvae explore surfaces. The ultrasound treated cyprids were found to secrete less FPs, which appeared to spread a larger area than those generated by untreated cyprids. The evidence from this study suggests that ultrasound treatment results in a reduced cyprid settlement and footprint secretion, and may affect the subsequent recruitment of barnacles onto fouling release surfaces by reducing the ability of early settlement stage of barnacles (up to 2 days' old) from firmly adhering to the substrates. Ultrasound therefore can be used in combination with fouling release coatings to offer a more efficient antifouling strategy. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
ISSN: 09277765
DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.11.020
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