Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2005.11.008
Title: Distinguishing fall activities from normal activities by angular rate characteristics and high-speed camera characterization
Authors: Nyan, M.N. 
Tay, F.E.H. 
Tan, A.W.Y.
Seah, K.H.W. 
Keywords: Elderly
Fainting
Fall activities
Normal activities
Sideways and backward falls
Issue Date: Oct-2006
Source: Nyan, M.N., Tay, F.E.H., Tan, A.W.Y., Seah, K.H.W. (2006-10). Distinguishing fall activities from normal activities by angular rate characteristics and high-speed camera characterization. Medical Engineering and Physics 28 (8) : 842-849. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2005.11.008
Abstract: Distinguishing sideways and backward falls from normal activities of daily living using angular rate sensors (gyroscopes) was explored in this paper. Gyroscopes were secured on a shirt at the positions of sternum (S), front of the waist (FW) and right underarm (RU) to measure angular rate in lateral and sagittal planes of the body during falls and normal activities. Moreover, the motions of the fall incidents were captured by a high-speed camera at a frame rate of 250 frames per second (fps) to study the body configuration during fall. The high-speed camera and the sensor data capture system were activated simultaneously to synchronize the picture frame of high-speed camera and the sensor data. The threshold level for each sensor was set to distinguish fall activities from normal activities. Lead time of fall activities (time after threshold value is surpassed to the time when the hip hits the ground) and relative angle of body configuration (angle β between the vertical line and the line from the center point of the foot or the center point between the two legs to that of the waist) at the threshold level were studied. For sideways falls, lead times of sensors at positions FW and S were about 200-220 ms and 135-182 ms, respectively. The lead time of the slippery backward fall (about 98 ms) from the sensor at position RU was shorter than that of the sideways falls from the sensors at positions FW and S. The relative angle of body configuration at threshold level for sideways and backward falls were about 40-43° for the sensor at position FW, about 43-52° for the sensor at position S and about 54° for the sensor at position RU, respectively. This is the first study that investigates fall dynamics in detection of fall before the person hits the ground using angular rate sensors (gyroscopes). © 2005 IPEM.
Source Title: Medical Engineering and Physics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/59974
ISSN: 13504533
DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2005.11.008
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