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Title: Deformation behavior of PZN-6%PT single crystal during nanoindentation
Authors: Wong, M.F.
Zeng, K. 
Keywords: Deformation
Relaxor-based single crystal
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Source: Wong, M.F., Zeng, K. (2008-09). Deformation behavior of PZN-6%PT single crystal during nanoindentation. Philosophical Magazine 88 (26) : 3105-3128. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The deformation behavior of [001]T- and [011]T-cut single crystal solid solution of Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-6% PbTiO3 (PZN-6%PT) in both unpoled and poled states has been investigated by nanoindentation. Nanoindentation experiments reveal that material pile-up and local damage around the indentation impressions are observed at ultra-low loads. These pile-ups and local damage cause a pop-in event (i.e. a sudden increase in displacement at an approximately constant load) in the nanoindentation load-displacement curve (P-h curve). Detailed studies of the relationships between indentation load (P), displacement (h) and harmonic contact stiffness (S) suggest that there is a surface layer, possibly due to crystal fabrication processes, which possesses different mechanical properties from the interior. The thickness of this surface layer is estimated to be approximately 300 nm. Furthermore, it is found that [011]T-cut crystal is stiffer than [001]T-cut crystal. On the other hand, both [001]T- and [011]T-cut crystals in unpoled state possess lower contact stiffness than poled crystals. This finding suggests that poling improved the mechanical property of the crystal. In summary, poled [001]T-cut crystals have an elastic modulus of (107 ± 6) GPa and a hardness of (5.1 ± 0.4) GPa. In contrast, the modulus for [011]T-cut crystals is not constant but increases with indentation depth.
Source Title: Philosophical Magazine
ISSN: 14786435
DOI: 10.1080/14786430802524330
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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