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Title: CFD evaluation of droplet drying models in a spray dryer fitted with a rotary atomizer
Authors: Woo, M.W.
Daud, W.R.W.
Mujumdar, A.S. 
Wu, Z.-H. 
Talib, M.Z.M.
Tasirin, S.M.
Keywords: CFD
Droplet drying model
Spray drying
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Woo, M.W., Daud, W.R.W., Mujumdar, A.S., Wu, Z.-H., Talib, M.Z.M., Tasirin, S.M. (2008). CFD evaluation of droplet drying models in a spray dryer fitted with a rotary atomizer. Drying Technology 26 (10) : 1180-1198. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of spray dryers requires a simple but sufficiently realistic drying model. This work evaluates two such models that are currently in discussion; reaction engineering approach (REA) and characteristic drying curve (CDC). Two versions of the CDC, linear and convex, drop in drying rate were included. Simulation results were compared to the overall outlet conditions obtained from our pilot-scale experiments. The REA and CDC with a linear drop in drying rate predicted the outlet conditions reasonably well. This is contrary to the kinetics determined previously. Analysis shows that the models exhibit different responses to changes in the initial feed moisture content. Utilizing different models did not result in significantly different particle trajectories. This is due to the low relaxation time of the particles. Despite the slight differences in the drying curves, both models predicted similar particle rigidity depositing the wall. For the first time in a CFD simulation, the REA model was extended to calculate the particle surface moisture, which showed promising results for wet particles. Room for improvement was identified when applying this concept for relatively dry particles.
Source Title: Drying Technology
ISSN: 07373937
DOI: 10.1080/07373930802306953
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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