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Title: An adaptive procedure based on background cells for meshless methods
Authors: Liu, G.R. 
Tu, Z.H.
Keywords: Adaptive analysis
Element free method
Error estimate
Local refinement
Meshless method
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2002
Citation: Liu, G.R., Tu, Z.H. (2002-03-15). An adaptive procedure based on background cells for meshless methods. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 191 (17-18) : 1923-1943. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In practical implementations, meshless methods using moving least-squares (MLS) approximation and global Galerkin formulation require a background mesh for domain integration. An adaptive procedure based on background mesh is developed for meshless methods using MLS. It comprises a cell energy error estimate and a local domain refinement technique. The error estimate differs from conventional pointwise approaches in that it evaluates error based on individual cells instead of points. For each cell, a computed cell energy and a reference cell energy are generated based on a same stress field by using two different integration schemes; the difference between the two energy values is used as the basic measure of error estimation. The advantage of this strategy is that it requires only one stress field and no reference field needs to be furnished. This has significance, as the stress field generated by meshless methods is already very smooth and traditional error estimates based on stress smoothing techniques for finite element methods are not applicable. To achieve high efficiency in domain refinement, a local technique based on the Delaunay algorithm is implemented. In this technique, each node is assigned a scaling factor to control local nodal density; refinement of the neighborhood of a node is accomplished simply by adjusting its scaling factor. The numerical experiments in this paper show that the proposed adaptive procedure is simple, effective and efficient. The limitations of the approach are also discussed. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
ISSN: 00457825
DOI: 10.1016/S0045-7825(01)00360-7
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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