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|Title:||Accounting for constraint effects in fracture mechanics analysis of floating production, storage and off-loading vessels and ships|
Fracture mechanics analysis
|Source:||Tronskar, J.P., Mannan, M.A., Lai, M.O. (2002-06-24). Accounting for constraint effects in fracture mechanics analysis of floating production, storage and off-loading vessels and ships. Engineering Fracture Mechanics 69 (11) : 1219-1248. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-7944(01)00133-3|
|Abstract:||Research has been performed to study the effect of constraint dependent fracture toughness of parent metal and HAZ for steels applied for fabrication of oil gas floating production, storage and off-loading (FPSO) vessels and ships. A test method was employed to study the HAZ crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) fracture toughness at various levels of constraint avoiding excessive scatter usually associated with conventional HAZ CTOD testing, which may obscure effects of constraint. The objective of the research was to determine the material dependent constraint parameters in Ainsworth and O'Dowd's constraint modified fracture assessment approach and to develop a method based on information from the literature pertaining to the structural constraint in plates with semi-elliptical surface cracks. Results due to Wang and Parks and Nakamura and Parks computed using line-spring and FE analyses were used to establish polynomial expressions for the structural constraint in tension and bending applicable to fracture assessment of shallow fatigue cracks initiated at weld toes in floating offshore structures such as FPSOs. The results of the analyses clearly show that fracture assessment of semi-elliptical surface cracks in tension would be overly conservative if constraint effects are not accounted for in the Option 1 or Option 2 fracture assessment curves or in fracture toughness. It was also found from the tests conducted on specially prepared wide-plate test specimens, that the constraint modified Option 1 curve was conservative for fracture assessment of semi-elliptical surface cracks located in the HAZ of a 500 MPa minimum specified yield strength quenched and tempered steel for offshore application. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Source Title:||Engineering Fracture Mechanics|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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