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|Title:||A two-layer outer hair cell model with orthotropic piezoelectric properties: Correlation of cell resonant frequencies with tuning in the cochlea|
|Authors:||Lim, K.-M. |
Outer hair cell
|Source:||Lim, K.-M., Li, H. (2007). A two-layer outer hair cell model with orthotropic piezoelectric properties: Correlation of cell resonant frequencies with tuning in the cochlea. Journal of Biomechanics 40 (6) : 1362-1371. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2006.05.009|
|Abstract:||The frequency response of outer hair cells (OHCs) of different lengths is studied using a mathematical model of a two-layer cylindrical shell with orthotropic properties. Material properties in the model are determined from experimental measurements reported in the literature, and the variation of material properties with the cell length is studied. The cortical lattice's Poisson ratios are found to remain fairly constant with cell length, while its stiffness changes significantly with cell length. The natural frequencies corresponding to several modes of deformation of an OHC with intracellular and extracellular fluids are calculated from this model. Our results suggest that the best frequency in the cochlea at the position where the OHC is located corresponds to different modes of deformation of the OHC, depending on the OHC length. For short OHCs, the best frequency is close to the natural frequency of the axisymmetric mode; for long OHCs, it is close to the natural frequencies of the beam-like bending and pinched modes. Such a difference in resonant modes for short and long OHCs at the best frequency suggests that different modes of OHC elongation motility may be present in amplifying the basilar membrane motion in the high and low frequency regions of the cochlea. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Biomechanics|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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