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Title: Effects of environment, vehicle and driver characteristics on risky driving behavior at work zones
Authors: Weng, J.
Meng, Q. 
Keywords: Decision tree
Risky driving behavior
Work zone
Issue Date: Apr-2012
Citation: Weng, J., Meng, Q. (2012-04). Effects of environment, vehicle and driver characteristics on risky driving behavior at work zones. Safety Science 50 (4) : 1034-1042. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study aims to analyze the effects of environment, vehicle and driver characteristics on the risky driving behavior at work zones. A decision tree is developed using the classification and regression tree (CART) algorithm to graphically display the relationship between the risky driving behavior and its influencing factors. This approach could avoid the inherent problems occurred in the conventional logistic regression models and further improve the model prediction accuracy. Based on the Michigan M-94/I-94/I-94BL/I-94BR highway work zone driving behavior data, the decision tree comprising 33 leaf nodes is built. Bad weather, poor road and light conditions, partial/no access control, no traffic control devices, turning left/right and driving in an old vehicle are found to be associated with the risky driving behavior at work zones. The middle-aged drivers, who are going straight ahead in their vehicles with medium service time and equipped with an airbag system, are more likely to take risky behavior at lower work zone speed limits. Further, the middle-aged male drivers engage in risky driving behavior more frequently than the middle-aged female drivers. The number of lanes exhibits opposing effects on risky behavior under different traveling conditions. More specifically, the risky driving behavior is associated with the single-lane road under bad light or weather conditions while drivers are more likely to engage in risky behavior on the multi-lane road under good light conditions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Safety Science
ISSN: 09257535
DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.005
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