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|Title:||Thermodynamic modeling of absorption chiller and comparison with experiments|
|Authors:||Ng, K.C. |
|Source:||Ng, K.C.,Chua, H.T.,Han, Q.,Kashiwagi, T.,Akisawa, A.,Tsurusawa, T. (1999-04). Thermodynamic modeling of absorption chiller and comparison with experiments. Heat Transfer Engineering 20 (2) : 42-51. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||A simple and accurate thermodynamic model is presented for a four-heat-reservoir, absorption chiller. The performance of chillers, as described by 1/COP, is expressed in terms of the dominant external and internal losses that stem form the finite-rate heat transfer and internal entropy generations in the absorber, condenser, generator, and evaporated. It is found that the relative contributions form these losses of absorption chillers govern behavior over a wide range of cooling capacities. The successful formulation of the thermodynamics model, as presented in this articles, implies that all previous endoreversible approaches are inadequate because they cannot portray the real behavior of absorption chillers accurately. At best, these models give only the upper bounds of experimental realities and thus they can be viewed only as subsets of the generic thermodynamics approach described here. To this end, we present evidence form an experimental facility to show that true absorption chiller behavior is governed by the presence of three key competing losses, namely, the finite-rate heat transfer losses, the internal dissipative losses, and heat leaks.|
|Source Title:||Heat Transfer Engineering|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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