Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/58521
Title: Near-mirror-finish phenomenon in EDM using powder-mixed dielectric
Authors: Wong, Y.S. 
Lim, L.C. 
Rahuman, I.
Tee, W.M.
Keywords: Dielectric
Electrical discharge machining
Surface finish
Issue Date: 1-Jul-1998
Source: Wong, Y.S.,Lim, L.C.,Rahuman, I.,Tee, W.M. (1998-07-01). Near-mirror-finish phenomenon in EDM using powder-mixed dielectric. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 79 (1-3) : 30-40. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper presents a study of the near-mirror-finish phenomenon in electrical discharge machining (EDM) when fine powder is introduced into the dielectric fluid as a suspension at the tool-workpiece or inter-electrode gap during machining. For this study, the dielectric flushing system of a conventional die-sinking EDM machine was specially modified to inject and distribute the powder into the dielectric fluid, especially at the gap between the tool and the workpiece. Machining was performed on various types of steel with different types of powder suspensions at a peak current of around 1 A. Particular combinations of powder-mixed dielectric and workpiece have been found to produce mirror-finish or glossy machined surfaces. Close scrutiny of the mirror-finish surfaces reveals shallow overlapping re-solidified discs with smooth rims, unlike typical EDMed surfaces, which are typically covered with deep craters, pock marks and globules. The various factors affecting the generation of the mirror-like surfaces are discussed. The appropriate settings of electrode polarity and pulse parameters and the correct combination of workpiece material and powder characteristics have a significant influences on the mirror-finish condition. The use of negative electrode polarity (i.e. with the tool as the negative electrode, which is a condition normally used for finishing EDM) is necessary to achieve the mirror-finish condition. Other features of the powder-mixed dielectric EDM are shorter machining time, more uniform dispersion of the electrical discharges, and stable machining. Based on the results of the experimental investigation, the types of material composition, powder properties and machine setting in bringing about near-mirror conditions are discussed. © 1998 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Processing Technology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/58521
ISSN: 09240136
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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