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|Title:||Computation of turbulent flow in a square duct: aspects of the secondary flow and its origin|
|Citation:||Wang, F.M.,Chew, Y.T.,Khoo, B.C.,Yeo, K.S. (1994-01). Computation of turbulent flow in a square duct: aspects of the secondary flow and its origin. Computers and Fluids 23 (1) : 157-176. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||A numerical study of turbulent flow in a straight duct of square cross-section is made. An order-of-magnitude analysis of the 3-D, time-averaged Navier-Stokes equations resulted in a parabolic form of the Navier-Stokes equations. The governing equations, expressed in terms of a new vector-potential formulation, are expanded as a multi-deck structure with each deck characterized by its dominant physical forces. The resulting equations are solved using a finite-element approach with a bicubic element representation on each cross-sectional plane. The numerical integration along the streamwise direction is carried out with finite-difference approximations until a fully-developed state is reached. The computed results agree well with other numerical studies and compare very favorably with the available experimental data. One important outcome of the current investigation is the interpretation analytically that the driving force of the secondary flow in a square duct comes mainly from the second-order terms of the difference in the gradients of the normal and transverse Reynolds stresses in the axial vorticity equation. © 1994.|
|Source Title:||Computers and Fluids|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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