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Title: Mode control in photonic crystal vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and coherent arrays
Authors: Siriani, D.F.
Peun Tan, M.
Kasten, A.M.
Lehman Harren, A.C.
Leisher, P.O.
Sulkin, J.D.
Raftery Jr., J.J.
Danner, A.J. 
Giannopoulos, A.V.
Choquette, K.D.
Keywords: Distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) lasers
Laser modes
Semiconductor laser arrays
Semiconductor lasers
Issue Date: May-2009
Citation: Siriani, D.F., Peun Tan, M., Kasten, A.M., Lehman Harren, A.C., Leisher, P.O., Sulkin, J.D., Raftery Jr., J.J., Danner, A.J., Giannopoulos, A.V., Choquette, K.D. (2009-05). Mode control in photonic crystal vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and coherent arrays. IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 15 (3) : 909-917. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We demonstrate transverse mode control in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) and 2-D VCSEL arrays. By etching a periodic arrangement of circular holes into the top distributed Bragg reflector mirror, we are able to control the lasing modes through index and loss confinement. Theoretical modeling of these confinement effects are shown to be consistent with experimental measurements. Photonic crystal etched patterns and ion-implanted photonic lattices have been employed to fabricate coherently-coupled 2-D arrays. Control of the array supermodes from the out-of-phase and in-phase conditions is discussed. Designs of photonic crystal coherent VCSEL arrays for high-power emission and beam steering applications are described. © 2006 IEEE.
Source Title: IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
ISSN: 1077260X
DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2008.2012121
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