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Title: Extending the lifetime of wireless sensor networks through mobile relays
Authors: Wang, W.
Srinivasan, V.
Chua, K.-C. 
Keywords: Mobile relay
Network lifetime
Sensor networks
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Wang, W., Srinivasan, V., Chua, K.-C. (2008). Extending the lifetime of wireless sensor networks through mobile relays. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking 16 (5) : 1108-1120. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We investigate the benefits of a heterogeneous architecture for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) composed of a few resource rich mobile relay nodes and a large number of simple static nodes. The mobile relays have more energy than the static sensors. They can dynamically move around the network and help relieve sensors that are heavily burdened by high network traffic, thus extending the latter's lifetime. We first study the performance of large dense network with one mobile relay and show that network lifetime improves over that of a purely static network by up to factor of four. Also, the mobile relay needs to stay only within two-hop radius of the sink.We then construct a joint mobility and routing algorithm which can yield a network lifetime close to the upper bound. The advantage of this algorithm is that it only requires a limited number of nodes in the network to be aware of the location of the mobile relay. Our simulation results show that one mobile relay can at least double the network lifetime in a randomly deployed WSN. By comparing the mobile relay approach with various static energy-provisioning methods, we demonstrate the importance of node mobility for resource provisioning in a WSN. © 2008 IEEE.
Source Title: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
ISSN: 10636692
DOI: 10.1109/TNET.2007.906663
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