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Title: Geometric local invariants and pure three-qubit states
Authors: Williamson, M.S. 
Ericsson, M.
Johansson, M.
Sjöqvist, E.
Sudbery, A.
Vedral, V. 
Wootters, W.K.
Issue Date: 7-Jun-2011
Citation: Williamson, M.S., Ericsson, M., Johansson, M., Sjöqvist, E., Sudbery, A., Vedral, V., Wootters, W.K. (2011-06-07). Geometric local invariants and pure three-qubit states. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 83 (6) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We explore a geometric approach to generating local SU(2) and SL(2,C) invariants for a collection of qubits inspired by lattice gauge theory. Each local invariant or "gauge" invariant is associated with a distinct closed path (or plaquette) joining some or all of the qubits. In lattice gauge theory, the lattice points are the discrete space-time points, the transformations between the points of the lattice are defined by parallel transporters, and the gauge invariant observable associated with a particular closed path is given by the Wilson loop. In our approach the points of the lattice are qubits, the link transformations between the qubits are defined by the correlations between them, and the gauge invariant observable, the local invariants associated with a particular closed path, are also given by a Wilson looplike construction. The link transformations share many of the properties of parallel transporters, although they are not undone when one retraces one's steps through the lattice. This feature is used to generate many of the invariants. We consider a pure three-qubit state as a test case and find we can generate a complete set of algebraically independent local invariants in this way; however, the framework given here is applicable to generating local unitary invariants for mixed states composed of any number of d-level quantum systems. We give an operational interpretation of these invariants in terms of observables. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Source Title: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
ISSN: 10502947
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.062308
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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