Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/52759
Title: A quantitative, comparative study of element variations found within the range of blood cells from the tropical ascidian Phallusia philippinensis, using the nuclear microscope
Authors: Hogarth, A.N.
Thong, P.S.P. 
Lane, D.J.W. 
Watt, F. 
Issue Date: Jan-1998
Source: Hogarth, A.N.,Thong, P.S.P.,Lane, D.J.W.,Watt, F. (1998-01). A quantitative, comparative study of element variations found within the range of blood cells from the tropical ascidian Phallusia philippinensis, using the nuclear microscope. Acta Zoologica 79 (1) : 75-82. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The present study examines the concentrations of vanadium, bromine and sulphur contained within cryofixed/freeze-dried blood cells of the ascidian Phallusia philippinensis. Elemental profiles of seven cell types were obtained using the National University of Singapore nuclear microscope, in order to ascertain the cell types predominantly involved in accumulation. Morula cells were found to contain the following mean values (in ppm dry weight); 7878 vanadium, 34484 bromine and 61078 sulphur. Signet ring cells contained 5191 vanadium, 23945 bromine and 15281 sulphur. Compartment cells had 606 vanadium, 20700 bromine and 24309 sulphur. Other less abundant cell types such as lymphocytes, macrogranular amoebocytes, carotenoid pigment cells and granular amoebocytes were also analysed and found to contain (in ppm) 4384, 6652, 2366 and 10246 vanadium, 19652, 15630, 5964 and 11735 bromine and 13289, 15309, 3106 and 42968 sulphur, respectively. Sulphur occurred in high levels in all cell types, which could indicate its involvement in the vanadium concentration process, while bromine, incorporated into complexes, may be utilised for anti-fouling rather than as a deterrent to predators.
Source Title: Acta Zoologica
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/52759
ISSN: 00017272
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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