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|Title:||Surface modification and adhesion characteristics of polycarbonate films after graft copolymerization|
|Authors:||Chen, W. |
Surface graft copolymerization
|Source:||Chen, W.,Neoh, K.G.,Kang, E.T.,Tan, K.L.,Liaw, D.J.,Huang, C.C. (1998-01-30). Surface modification and adhesion characteristics of polycarbonate films after graft copolymerization. Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry 36 (2) : 357-366. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||The surfaces of ozone-pretreated polycarbonate films were subjected to further modification by thermally induced graft copolymerization with acrylic acid (AAc), sodium salt of styrene sulfonic acid (NaSS), N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMAA), N,N-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) and 3-dimethyl(methacryloyl ethyl)-ammonium propanesulfonate (DMAPS) monomers. The structure and composition at the copolymer interface were studied by angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). For polycarbonate films with a substantial amount of grafted polymer, the hydrophilic graft penetrates or becomes partially submerged beneath a thin surface layer of dense substrate chains. This microstructure was further supported by the water contact angle measurements. Adhesive-free adhesion studies revealed that the AAc, DMAA or DMAPS graft copolymerized polycarbonate film surface adhered strongly to another similarly modified surface (homo-interface) when brought into direct contact in the presence of water and subsequently dried. The development of the lap shear strength is dependent on the concentration of the surface graft, the microstructure of the grafted surface, the adhesion (drying) time, and the nature of the interfacial interaction. The simultaneous presence of chain entanglement and electrostatic interaction readily results in substantially enhanced adhesion strengths between two DMAPS graft copolymerized surfaces or between an AAc and a DMAA graft copolymerized surface (hetero-interface). XPS analyses of the delaminated surfaces suggest that failure occurred cohesively below the graft-substrate interface. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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