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Title: Gene transfer using self-assembled ternary complexes of cationic magnetic nanoparticles, plasmid DNA and cell-penetrating tat peptide
Authors: Song, H.P. 
Yang, J.Y.
Lo, S.L.
Wang, Y.
Fan, W.M.
Tang, X.S. 
Xue, J.M. 
Wang, S. 
Keywords: Gene transfe
Self assembly
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Song, H.P.,Yang, J.Y.,Lo, S.L.,Wang, Y.,Fan, W.M.,Tang, X.S.,Xue, J.M.,Wang, S. (2010). Gene transfer using self-assembled ternary complexes of cationic magnetic nanoparticles, plasmid DNA and cell-penetrating tat peptide. Biomaterials 31 (4) : 769-778. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Nonviral magnetofection facilitates gene transfer by using a magnetic field to concentrate magnetic nanoparticle-associated plasmid delivery vectors onto target cells. In light of the well-established effects of the Tat peptide, a cationic cell-penetrating peptide, that enhances the cytoplasmic delivery of a variety of cargos, we tested whether the combined use of magnetofection and Tat-mediated intracellular delivery would improve transfection efficiency. Through electrostatic interaction, gene transfer complexes were generated by mixing polyethylenimine-coated cationic magnetic iron beads with plasmid DNA, followed by addition of a bis(cysteinyl) histidine-rich Tat peptide. These ternary magnetofection complexes provided a 4-fold improvement in transgene expression at a dose of 1 mg of plasmid DNA per 20,000 cells over the binary complexes without the Tat peptide and transfected up to 60% of cells in vitro. The enhanced transfection efficiency was also observed in vivo in the rat spinal cord after lumbar intrathecal injection. Moreover, the injected ternary magnetofection complexes in the cerebrospinal fluid responded to a moving magnetic filed by shifting away from the injection site and mediating transgene expression in a remote region. Thus, our approach could potentially be useful for effective gene therapy treatments of localized diseases. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Biomaterials
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.09.085
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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