Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Autogenous bone marrow stromal cell sheets-loaded mPCL/TCP scaffolds induced osteogenesis in a porcine model of spinal interbody fusion|
|Source:||Abbah, S.A., Lam, C.X.F., Ramruttun, K.A., Goh, J.C.H., Wong, H.-K. (2011-03-01). Autogenous bone marrow stromal cell sheets-loaded mPCL/TCP scaffolds induced osteogenesis in a porcine model of spinal interbody fusion. Tissue Engineering - Part A 17 (5-6) : 809-817. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1089/ten.tea.2010.0255|
|Abstract:||This study was designed to investigate whether a tissue-engineered construct composed of autogenous cell sheets and a polycaprolactone-based bioresorbable scaffold would enhance bone regeneration and spinal interbody fusion in a large animal model. Porcine-derived autogenous bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) cultured into multilayered cell sheets were induced into osteogenic differentiation with dexamethasone, l-ascorbic acid, and β-glycerol phosphate. These cell sheets were assembled with bioresorbable scaffolds made from medical-grade poly(epsilon-caprolactone) incorporating 20% β-tricalcium phosphate (mPCL/TCP) as tissue-engineered BMSC constructs. L2/3, L4/5 discectomies and decortication of the vertebral end plates were performed on 16 SPF Yorkshire pigs through an anterolateral approach. The tissue-engineered BMSC constructs were transplanted into the prepared intervertebral disc spaces of half of the pigs (n = 8), whereas cell-free mPCL/TCP served as controls in the remaining pigs. New bone formation and spinal fusion were evaluated at 3 and 6 months using microcomputed tomography, histology, fluorochrome bone labeling, and biomechanical testing. New bone formation was evident as early as 3 months in the BMSC group. At 6 months, bony fusion was observed in >60% (5/8) of segments in the BMSC group. None of the control animals with cell-free scaffold showed fusion at both time points. Biomechanical evaluation further revealed a significantly increased segmental stability in the BMSC group compared with the cell-free group at 6 months postimplantation (p < 0.01). These findings suggest that mPCL/TCP scaffolds loaded with in vitro differentiated autogenous BMSC sheets could induce bone formation and interbody fusion. This in turn resulted in enhanced segmental stability of the lumbar spine. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2011.|
|Source Title:||Tissue Engineering - Part A|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
checked on Feb 14, 2018
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Jan 17, 2018
checked on Feb 19, 2018
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.