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|Title:||Critical Review of conceptual Definitions of Chinese Corruption: A formal-legal perspective|
|Authors:||KO, K. |
|Source:||KO, K., Weng, C. (2011-06). Critical Review of conceptual Definitions of Chinese Corruption: A formal-legal perspective. Journal of Contemporary China 20 (70) : 359-378. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1080/10670564.2011.565170|
|Abstract:||This paper examines definitions of Chinese corruption. While many Chinese corruption studies have argued that Chinese corruption has its own unique features, our review of definitions of Chinese corruption featured in current academic literature reveals that most definitions in use are similar to the general definition of corruption: abuse of public office for private gains. Valuable as it is, such a general definition does not adequately specify the actors, behavior and motives in Chinese corruption. This paper argues that actors in Chinese corruption are not limited to employees in the public sector but also include any Chinese state functionary engaging in public activities. In addition, corrupt behavior refers to both economic (embezzlement, misappropriation of public funds, and bribery) and disciplinary corruption (violation of social norms and the dereliction of duty) that are damaging to public interests. In doing so, this paper finds that even behavior such as the dereliction of duty and violations of social norms, that is not motivated by private gain, is regarded as corruption in China. We also discuss the political nature of this broadly defined Chinese corruption. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Contemporary China|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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