Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.31844
Title: Biomimetic deposition of calcium phosphate minerals on the surface of partially demineralized dentine modified with phosphorylated chitosan
Authors: Xu, Z.
Neoh, K.G. 
Lin, C.C. 
Kishen, A.
Keywords: biomimetic
dentine
phosphorylated chitosan
remineralization
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Source: Xu, Z., Neoh, K.G., Lin, C.C., Kishen, A. (2011-07). Biomimetic deposition of calcium phosphate minerals on the surface of partially demineralized dentine modified with phosphorylated chitosan. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials 98 B (1) : 150-159. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.31844
Abstract: The aim of this study is to remineralize partially demineralized dentine sections using phosphorylated chitosan (P-chi) based on mimicking the nucleating role of the phosphorylated noncollagenous proteins in the biomineralization of dentine. The surface of partially demineralized dentine sections, mainly composed of type I collagen, were modified by covalent immobilization of P-chi on the collagen surface. The dentine sections were subsequently put into remineralizing solution for remineralization, and then the remineralizing effect was investigated. The remineralization effect of this methodology was compared with that of fluoride. Moreover, the influence of surface properties of samples on remineralizing effect was investigated. The experimental results indicated that the effect of fluoride on remineralization of dentine was limited when residual crystals were lacking on the surface of partially demineralized dentine, whereas the covalent immobilization of P-chi can significantly induce deposition of calcium phosphate minerals on the surface of the partially demineralized dentine. This biomimetic methodology resulted in favorable surface properties (i.e., highly negative charge and low interfacial free energy between substrate and remineralizing medium) for crystal nucleation. Thus, P-chi can facilitate surface remineralization of dentine and thereby could find application in the minimally invasive management of dentine caries and dentine hypersensitivity. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/51762
ISSN: 15524973
DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.31844
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