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|Title:||Force control for mechanoinduction of impedance variation in cellular organisms|
|Citation:||Nam, J.H., Chen, P.C.Y., Lu, Z., Luo, H., Ge, R., Lin, W. (2010). Force control for mechanoinduction of impedance variation in cellular organisms. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 20 (2) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1088/0960-1317/20/2/025003|
|Abstract:||Constantly exposed to various forms of mechanical forces inherent in their physical environment (such as gravity, stress induced by fluid flow or cell-cell interactions, etc), cellular organisms sense such forces and convert them into biochemical signals through the processes of mechanosensing and mechanotransduction that eventually lead to biological changes. The effect of external forces on the internal structures and activities in a cellular organism may manifest in changes its physical properties, such as impedance. Studying variation in the impedance of a cellular organism induced by the application of an external mechanical force represents a meaningful endeavor (from a biosystems perspective) in exploring the complex mechanosensing and mechanotransduction mechanisms that govern the behavior of a cellular organism under the influence of external mechanical stimuli. In this paper we describe the development of an explicit force-feedback control system for exerting an indentation force on a cellular organism while simultaneously measuring its impedance. To demonstrate the effectiveness of this force-control system, we have conducted experiments using zebrafish embryos as a test model of a cellular organism. We report experimental results demonstrating that the application of a properly controlled external force leads to a significant change in the impedance of a zebrafish embryo. These results offer support for a plausible explanation that activities of pore canals in the chorion are responsible for the observed change in impedance. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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