Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/ageing/afp089
Title: Continued work employment and volunteerism and mental well-being of older adults: Singapore longitudinal ageing studies
Authors: Schwingel, A. 
Niti, M.M. 
Tang, C. 
Ng, T.P. 
Keywords: Elderly
Mental well-being
Older adults
Retirement
Singapore
Volunteerism
Issue Date: 2009
Source: Schwingel, A., Niti, M.M., Tang, C., Ng, T.P. (2009). Continued work employment and volunteerism and mental well-being of older adults: Singapore longitudinal ageing studies. Age and Ageing 38 (5) : 531-537. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/ageing/afp089
Abstract: Objective: to examine the effect of late life engagement in continued work involvement or volunteer activities during retirement on mental well-being. Methods: two waves of data from the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Studies were analyzed for 2,716 Singaporeans aged 55 or above at baseline and 1,754 at 2-year follow-up. Trained research nurses interviewed participants (non-volunteering retiree, volunteering retiree, and working seniors) on mental health status (geriatric depression scale, Mini Mental State Examination, positive mental wellbeing and life satisfaction). Results: about 88% of seniors were retired (78% non-volunteering, 10% volunteering) and 12% were still working in paid employment or business. At baseline and 2 year follow up, and regardless of physical health status, volunteering retirees and working seniors gave significantly better MMSE cognitive performance scores, fewer depressive symptoms, and better mental well-being and life satisfaction than non-volunteering retirees. Conclusion: the results of this study suggest that continued work involvement or volunteerism provides opportunities for social interaction and engagement and may be associated with enhanced mental well-being. Future research should clarify which specific aspects of volunteerism are related to long-term mental well-being. © The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Age and Ageing
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/49984
ISSN: 00020729
DOI: ageing/afp089
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