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Title: The trajectory of the target probability effect
Authors: Hon, N. 
Yap, M.J. 
Jabar, S.B.
Keywords: Attention
Stimulus probability
Target detection
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Hon, N., Yap, M.J., Jabar, S.B. (2013). The trajectory of the target probability effect. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics 75 (4) : 661-666. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The effect of target probability on detection times is well-established: Even when detection accuracy is high, lower probability targets are detected more slowly than higher probability ones. Although this target probability effect on detection times has been well-studied, one aspect of it has remained largely unexamined: How the effect develops over the span of an experiment. Here, we investigated this issue with two detection experiments that assessed different target probability ratios. Conventional block segment analysis and linear mixed-effects modeling converged on two key findings. First, we found that the magnitude of the target probability effect increases as one progresses through a block of trials. Second, we found, by examining the trajectories of the low- and high-probability targets, that this increase in effect magnitude was driven by the low-probability targets. Specifically, we found that low-probability targets were detected more slowly as a block of trials progressed. Performance to high-probability targets, on the other hand, was largely invariant across the block. The latter finding is of particular interest because it cannot be reconciled with accounts that propose that the target probability effect is driven by the high-probability targets. © 2013 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Source Title: Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics
ISSN: 19433921
DOI: 10.3758/s13414-013-0429-x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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