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Title: Acoustic Doppler current profiler surveys along the Yangtze River
Authors: Chen, Z.
Chen, D.
Xu, K.
Zhao, Y.
Wei, T.
Chen, J.
Li, L. 
Watanabe, M.
Keywords: Acoustic Doppler profiler
Channel morphology
Flow velocity
Three Gorges Dam
Yangtze River
Issue Date: 30-Mar-2007
Citation: Chen, Z., Chen, D., Xu, K., Zhao, Y., Wei, T., Chen, J., Li, L., Watanabe, M. (2007-03-30). Acoustic Doppler current profiler surveys along the Yangtze River. Geomorphology 85 (3-4) : 155-165. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: An acoustic Doppler current profiler is used to characterize the river velocity against the morphology of the Yangtze River from Chonqing to the sea. High flow velocities occur in the Three Gorges section and lower velocities in the middle and lower reaches of the river. This is largely due to the change in river pattern from a high gradient deeply-cut valley to a flat fluvial plain. Flow velocities fluctuate in the middle Yangtze due to the presence of meander bends of different length. There are numerous smaller velocity fluctuations in the lower Yangtze channel that reflect multichannel pattern with numerous sand bars and a river morphology affected by bedrock outcrops. Water depths of 40-100 m occur in the Three Gorges valley but decrease to 15-40 m in the middle and lower Yangtze. At the Gezhou Reservoir, 30 km downstream of the Three Gorges damsite velocity drops to low (< 1.0 m s- 1) 20 km reach. A second low velocity (< 0.5 m s- 1) zone, about 20 km in length, is located in the lower Yangtze near the coast probably due to the tidal influence. The results from this research will serve as a datum for evaluating changes to the river once the Three Gorges dam is completed in 2009. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Geomorphology
ISSN: 0169555X
DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.03.018
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