Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2008.00533.x
Title: An examination of vertical accretion of floodplain sediments in the Labasa river sugarcane belt of Northern Fiji: Rates, influences and contributing processes
Authors: Terry, J.P. 
Lal, R.
Garimella, S.
Keywords: Accretion rates
Cs-137 method
Fiji
Floodplains
Labasa River
Issue Date: 2008
Source: Terry, J.P., Lal, R., Garimella, S. (2008). An examination of vertical accretion of floodplain sediments in the Labasa river sugarcane belt of Northern Fiji: Rates, influences and contributing processes. Geographical Research 46 (4) : 399-412. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2008.00533.x
Abstract: The 137Cs (caesium-137) method was used to investigate medium-term rates of sediment deposition on the floodplain of the Labasa River, on Vanua Levu island in northern Fiji. The Labasa basin is commercially important for sugarcane farming, which provides much revenue and sustains the economy in the greater Labasa area. Alluvium was sampled at three riverbank sites in vertical increments of 30 mm. Measured net vertical accretion rates, based on analysis of depthprofiles of 137Cs activity, ranged from 10 mm yr -1 at a low-lying site near a tributary confluence with the main river, to 60 mm yr -1 on a levée that was elevated slightly above the adjacent floodplain. These rates of accretion are high, but in general agreement with rates recorded using similar methods in other tropical Pacific island river systems. Soil erosion under sugarcane on hilly parts of the lower Labasa basin is an important factor in rapid floodplain development. Observations made during Cyclone Ami, which traversed Vanua Levu island in early 2003, illustrate the major contribution of severe storm events to floodplain sediment supply, by triggering numerous landslides on catchment slopes and in-channel debris floods, and by generating large-magnitude overbank floods. © 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Institute of Australian Geographers.
Source Title: Geographical Research
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/49781
ISSN: 17455863
DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-5871.2008.00533.x
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