Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2013.02.010
Title: Commuter exposure to black carbon, carbon monoxide, and noise in the mass transport khlong boats of Bangkok, Thailand
Authors: Velasco, E.
Ho, K.J.J.
Ziegler, A.D. 
Keywords: Black carbon
Carbon monoxide
Commuter boats
Commuters exposure
Noise
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Source: Velasco, E., Ho, K.J.J., Ziegler, A.D. (2013-06). Commuter exposure to black carbon, carbon monoxide, and noise in the mass transport khlong boats of Bangkok, Thailand. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 21 : 62-65. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2013.02.010
Abstract: This work quantifies commuter exposure to black carbon, CO and noise when waiting for and travelling in the mass transport khlong (canal) boats in Bangkok, Thailand. Exposure to toxic pollutants and acute noise is similar or worse than for other transportation modes. Mean black carbon concentrations observed at one busy pier and along the main canal were much higher than ambient concentrations at sites impacted by vehicular traffic. Concentrations of CO were similar to those reported for roadside areas of Bangkok. The equivalent continuous sound levels registered at the landing pier were similar to those reported for roadsides, but values recorded inside the boats were significantly higher. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/49662
ISSN: 13619209
DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2013.02.010
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