Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01077.x
Title: X-ray diffraction analysis of mineral trioxide aggregate and Portland cement
Authors: Islam, I. 
Chng, H.K. 
Yap, A.U.J. 
Keywords: Mineral trioxide aggregate
Portland cement
Root-end filling materials
X-ray diffraction analysis
Issue Date: 2006
Source: Islam, I., Chng, H.K., Yap, A.U.J. (2006). X-ray diffraction analysis of mineral trioxide aggregate and Portland cement. International Endodontic Journal 39 (3) : 220-225. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01077.x
Abstract: Aim: To compare the major constituents present in ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), ProRoot MTA (tooth coloured formula), ordinary Portland cement and white Portland cement using powder X-ray diffractometery. Methodology: X-ray diffractometery of the four materials was carried out with the divergence and scatter slits set at 1° and the receiving slit at 0.10 mm. The scan range was set at 5-70° and continuous scans for the θ-2θ range were run with a scan speed of 2° min-1. The patterns obtained were then compared with the Powder Diffraction Files (PDF) found in the International Centre for Diffraction Data database. The three strongest peaks were used for the identification of the constituents. The relative intensities were plotted against the angle 2θ and compared with the plots in the PDF. Results: The main constituents were found to be tricalcium silicate, tricalcium aluminate, calcium silicate, and tetracalcium aluminoferrite in all the four cements with the additional presence of Bi2O3 in ProRoot MTA and ProRoot MTA (tooth coloured formula). Conclusions: The four cements had similar major constituents. Data on Portland cement may be used for the further development or modification of ProRoot MTA in order to improve its physical characteristics and expand its scope of clinical applications. © 2006 International Endodontic Journal.
Source Title: International Endodontic Journal
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/47010
ISSN: 01432885
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01077.x
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