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|Title:||Periapical biomechanics and the role of cyclic biting force in apical retrograde fluid movement|
|Citation:||Kishen, A. (2005). Periapical biomechanics and the role of cyclic biting force in apical retrograde fluid movement. International Endodontic Journal 38 (9) : 597-603. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2591.2005.00986.x|
|Abstract:||Aim: To investigate the stress distribution pattern in the periapical region caused by biting forces and to study the role of cyclic biting loads on periapical fluid movement. Methodology: In the first part, a digital photoelastic experiment was conducted to study stress distribution in the periapical region. In the second, 20 maxillary central incisors were selected and divided into three main groups: normal intact teeth (group 1), tooth specimens in which the root canal was enlarged and maintained wet (group 2), and tooth specimens in which the root canal was enlarged and maintained dry (group 3). The tooth specimens were placed in a polycarbonate support with a cavity filled with a sponge soaked in methylene blue solution to simulate a periapical defect with exudate. During testing, the specimens were placed in a water bath at 37°C, and were loaded cyclically with a load of 20 N, at a rate of 72 cycles min-1, to a maximum of 20 000 cycles. The specimens were then sectioned and evaluated for retrograde fluid movement using light microscopy. The data were analysed using one-way ANOVA (post hoc tests). Results: Digital photoelastic experiments showed that the compression of teeth produced bending stresses in the periapical region. Testing with cyclic loads demonstrated retrograde fluid movement into the apical portion of the root canal and extraradicular region in all groups. There was a significant difference amongst the apical retrograde fluid movement displayed by different groups (<0.01). Group 2, in which the root canal was enlarged and maintained wet showed maximum retrograde fluid movement, whilst group 3, in which the root canal was enlarged and maintained dry showed the least retrograde fluid movement. Conclusions: Biting forces would cause bending of the periapical bone and cyclic biting forces would contribute to retrograde fluid movement into the root canal space and extraradicular region. © 2005 International Endodontic Journal.|
|Source Title:||International Endodontic Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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