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Title: Effects of finishing/polishing techniques on microleakage of resin-modified glass ionomer cement restorations
Authors: Yap, A.U.J. 
Yap, W.Y.
Yeo, E.J.C.
Tan, J.W.S.
Ong, D.S.B.
Issue Date: 2003
Source: Yap, A.U.J.,Yap, W.Y.,Yeo, E.J.C.,Tan, J.W.S.,Ong, D.S.B. (2003). Effects of finishing/polishing techniques on microleakage of resin-modified glass ionomer cement restorations. Operative Dentistry 28 (1) : 36-41. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study investigated the effect of finishing/polishing techniques on the microleakage of resin-modified glass ionomer restorations. Class V preparations were made on the buccal and lingual/palatal surfaces of freshly extracted teeth. The cavities on each tooth were restored with Fuji II LC (FT [GC]) and Photac-Fil Quick (PF [3M-ESPE]) according to manufacturers' instructions. Immediately after light-polymerization, gross finishing was done with eight-fluted tungsten carbide burs. The teeth were then randomly divided into four groups and finishing/polishing was done with one of the following systems: (a) Robot Carbides (RC); (b) Super-Snap system (SS); (c) OneGloss (OG) and (d) CompoSite Polishers (CS). The sample size for each material-finishing/polishing system combination was eight. After finishing/polishing, the teeth were stored in distilled water at 37°C for one week. The root apices were then sealed with acrylic and two coats of varnish was applied 1 mm beyond the restoration margins. The teeth were subsequently subjected to dye penetration testing (0.5% basic fuchsin), sectioned and scored. Data was analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests at a significance level of 0.05. Results of statistical analysis were as follows: Enamel margins: PF-OG<SS; FT-OG<RC; Dentin margins: PF-no significant difference; FT-OG & CS<RC. Regardless of the finishing/polishing technique, leakage at dentin margins was significantly greater than at enamel margins for FT. For PF, no significant difference in leakage scores was observed between dentin and enamel with the exception of finishing/polishing with OG. FT restorations had significantly less enamel and dentin leakage than PF restorations when treated with OG. The effect of finishing/polishing techniques on microleakage was both tissue and material dependent.
Source Title: Operative Dentistry
ISSN: 03617734
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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