Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1108/14635780710746920
Title: Regime switching and asset allocation: Evidence from international real estate security markets
Authors: Liow, K.H. 
Zhu, H.Z.
Keywords: Asset management
Portfolio investment
Real estate
Volatility
Issue Date: 2007
Source: Liow, K.H.,Zhu, H.Z. (2007). Regime switching and asset allocation: Evidence from international real estate security markets. Journal of Property Investment and Finance 25 (3) : 274-288. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1108/14635780710746920
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore a regime switching asset allocation model that includes six major real estate security markets (USA, UK, Japan, Australia, Hong Kong and Singapore) and focuses on how the presence of regimes affects portfolio composition. Design/methodology/approach - A Markov switching model is first developed to characterize real estate security markets' risk-return in two regimes. The mean-variance portfolio construction methodology is then deployed in the presence of the two regimes. Finally, the out-of-sample analyzes are conducted to examine whether the regime switching allocation outperforms the conventional allocation strategy. Findings - Strong evidence of regimes in the six real estate security markets in detected. The correlations between the various real estate security markets' returns are higher in the bear market regime than in the bull market regime. Consequently the optimal real estate portfolio in the bear market regime is very different from that in the bull market regime. The out-of-sample tests reveal that the regime-switching model outperforms the non-regime dependent model, the world real estate portfolio and equally-weighted portfolio from risk-adjusted performance perspective. Originality/value - The application of the Markov switching technique to real estate markets is relatively new and has great significance for international real estate diversification. With increased significance of international securitized property as a real estate investment vehicle for institutional investors to gain worldwide real estate exposure, this study provides significant insights into the investment behavior and optimal asset allocation implications of the listed real estate when returns follow a regime switching process.
Source Title: Journal of Property Investment and Finance
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/46228
ISSN: 1463578X
DOI: 10.1108/14635780710746920
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