Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2011.08.005
Title: Development of sustainable urban forms for high-density low-income Asian countries: The case of Vietnam. The institutional hindrance of the commons and anticommons
Authors: Zhu, J. 
Keywords: High-density low-income Asian countries
Sustainable urban forms
The anticommons
The commons
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Zhu, J. (2012). Development of sustainable urban forms for high-density low-income Asian countries: The case of Vietnam. The institutional hindrance of the commons and anticommons. Cities 29 (2) : 77-87. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2011.08.005
Abstract: Urban development with sustainable urban forms in high-density low-income Asian countries is a great challenge in the context of acute land scarcity. Though the model of compact cities is a natural choice for high-density urbanizing Asia, fierce competition for limited urban land resources without effective governance often results in an unfavorable form of densification and urban compaction. From the perspective of land rights, this problematic urban form is generated in the presence of the anticommons and commons. The co-existence of the anticommons and the commons results in the under-utilization of scarce land resources and over-consumption of scarce environmental amenities, and the combination of the two constitutes a mechanism that induces a vicious cycle continuously degenerating urban environment, reducing social equity, and locking the city in an unsustainable form which exacerbates housing shortages and land scarcity. The case study of Vietnam has demonstrated that state capacity and governance should be the key factors for the city development in a sustainable urban form, as market failures of the anticommons and commons are caused by state failures. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Cities
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/46118
ISSN: 02642751
DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2011.08.005
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