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Title: Leadership versus management: How they are different, and why
Authors: Toor, S.-U.-R.
Ofori, G. 
Issue Date: 2008
Source: Toor, S.-U.-R.,Ofori, G. (2008). Leadership versus management: How they are different, and why. Leadership and Management in Engineering 8 (2) : 61-71. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: "Leadership" is different from "management"; many just know it intuitively but have not been able to understand this difference clearly. These are two entirely different functions based on their underlying philosophies, functions, and outcomes. Similarly, leaders and managers are not the same people. They apply different conceptualizations and approaches to work, exercise different ways of problem solving, undertake different functions in the organizations, and exhibit different behaviors owing to their different intrinsic and extrinsic motivations. Although discretely different, the terms "manager" and "leader" are often confused and used interchangeably. This paper attempts to address this issue at various levels, including etymological, development, conceptual distinctions, definitional complexities, functional divergence, and behavioral differences. It is argued that in order to be competitive, future organizations need to develop as many leaders as possible, but that these leaders should also have sufficient management knowledge and capabilities. Organizations also need effective managers who possess adequate leadership skills for better problem solving and overall functioning in the teams. © 2008 ASCE.
Source Title: Leadership and Management in Engineering
ISSN: 15326748
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)1532-6748(2008)8:2(61)
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