Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.02.028
Title: Applying ecosystem concepts to the planning of industrial areas: A case study of Singapore's Jurong Island
Authors: Yang, P.P.-J. 
Lay, O.B. 
Keywords: Eco-industrial park
Industrial ecology
Landscape ecology
Nurtured landscape
Sustainability
Issue Date: 2004
Source: Yang, P.P.-J., Lay, O.B. (2004). Applying ecosystem concepts to the planning of industrial areas: A case study of Singapore's Jurong Island. Journal of Cleaner Production 12 (8-10) : 1011-1023. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.02.028
Abstract: The application of ecological concepts to the industrial setting has been touched upon by literature across several disciplines. Two emerging ecological planning approaches, landscape ecology and industrial ecology, are applied here to look at alternative ways of planning industrial parks. As an emerging field, landscape ecology provides different viewpoints from the traditional approach of natural conservation, which mainly focuses on the protection of nature. The approach of landscape ecology regards the environment as a land mosaic, a mixture of natural and urban environment, which concerns a manageable human-scale environment across one or two human generations. Industrial ecology, on the other hand, goes beyond the traditional "end of pipe" idea of pollution control and learns from the ecosystem concept. The current paper is an attempt to reconcile these two fields as an integrated approach to the planning of industrial areas. Using a case study of Singapore's Jurong Island industrial park, two fundamental issues behind the idea of landscape ecology and industrial ecology are raised. If raw materials, energy and by-products are more easily replaced or reused by technology and management, then research on industrial ecology and related knowledge will be crucial for developing natural resource substitution by innovative technology and new ways of environmental management. Where it is difficult to substitute natural resources, the skills of planning and managing natural resources will take priority over other strategies. In this situation, the knowledge of landscape ecology needs to be applied to the prediction, design and evaluation of ecologically optimum resource uses, patterns and processes in the mixture of natural, urban and industrial environment. A new concept, "nurtured landscape", is proposed for mediating between the natural ecosystem and the urban/industrial environment. The nurtured landscape provides a basis for the development of new ecological technology using landscape to ameliorate the polluting effects of the urban/industrial neighbourhood. The planning of Singapore's Jurong Island industrial park provides a test of applying the principles of landscape ecology and industrial ecology to the possible transformation of an industrial area. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Cleaner Production
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/45433
ISSN: 09596526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.02.028
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