Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gks596
Title: Primer3-new capabilities and interfaces
Authors: Untergasser, A.
Cutcutache, I. 
Koressaar, T.
Ye, J.
Faircloth, B.C.
Remm, M.
Rozen, S.G. 
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Untergasser, A., Cutcutache, I., Koressaar, T., Ye, J., Faircloth, B.C., Remm, M., Rozen, S.G. (2012). Primer3-new capabilities and interfaces. Nucleic Acids Research 40 (15) : e115-. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gks596
Abstract: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a basic molecular biology technique with a multiplicity of uses, including deoxyribonucleic acid cloning and sequencing, functional analysis of genes, diagnosis of diseases, genotyping and discovery of genetic variants. Reliable primer design is crucial for successful PCR, and for over a decade, the opensource Primer3 software has been widely used for primer design, often in high-throughput genomics applications. It has also been incorporated into numerous publicly available software packages and web services. During this period, we have greatly expanded Primer3's functionality. In this article, we describe Primer3's current capabilities, emphasizing recent improvements. The most notable enhancements incorporate more accurate thermodynamic models in the primer design process, both to improve melting temperature prediction and to reduce the likelihood that primers will form hairpins or dimers. Additional enhancements include more precise control of primer placement- a change motivated partly by opportunities to use whole-genome sequences to improve primer specificity. We also added features to increase ease of use, including the ability to save and re-use parameter settings and the ability to require that individual primers not be used in more than one primer pair. We have made the core code more modular and provided cleaner programming interfaces to further ease integration with other software. These improvements position Primer3 for continued use with genome-scale data in the decade ahead. © The Author(s) 2012.
Source Title: Nucleic Acids Research
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/43135
ISSN: 03051048
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gks596
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