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|Title:||Dynamic thermal management via architectural adaptation|
Dynamic thermal management
|Source:||Jayaseelan, R.,Mitra, T. (2009). Dynamic thermal management via architectural adaptation. Proceedings - Design Automation Conference : 484-489. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Exponentially rising cooling/packaging costs due to high power density call for architectural and software-level thermal management. Dynamic thermal management (DTM) techniques continuously monitor the on-chip processor temperature. Appropriate mechanisms (e.g., dynamic voltage or frequency scaling (DVFS), clock gating, fetch gating, etc.) are engaged to lower the temperature if it exceeds a threshold. However, all these mechanisms incur significant performance penalty. We argue that runtime adaptation of micro-architectural parameters, such as instruction window size and issue width, is a more effective mechanism for DTM. If the architectural parameters can be tailored to track the available instruction-level parallelism of the program, the temperature is reduced with minimal performance degradation. Moreover, syner-gistically combining architectural adaptation with DVFS and fetch gating can achieve the best performance under thermal constraints. The key difficulty in using multiple mechanisms is to select the optimal configuration at runtime for time varying workloads. We present a novel software-level thermal management framework that searches through the configuration space at regular intervals to find the best performing design point that is thermally safe. The central components of our framework are (1) a neural-network based classifier that filters the thermally unsafe configurations, (2) a fast performance prediction model for any configuration, and (3) an efficient configuration space search algorithm. Experimental results indicate that our adaptive scheme achieves 59% reduction in performance overhead compared to DVFS and 39% reduction in overhead compared to DVFS combined with fetch gating. Copyright 2009 ACM.|
|Source Title:||Proceedings - Design Automation Conference|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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