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Title: Render sequence encoding for document protection
Authors: Zhu, B.
Wu, J.
Kankanhalli, M.S. 
Keywords: Authentication
Exact Travel of Salesman Problem (xtsp)
Render sequence encoding
Tamper detection
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Zhu, B., Wu, J., Kankanhalli, M.S. (2007). Render sequence encoding for document protection. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 9 (1) : 16-24. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We present in this paper a novel electronic document watermarking method, render sequence encoding (RSE), and then further develop a RSE authentication method for electronic documents. RSE watermarks an electronic document by modulating the display sequences of words or characters. It features large information-carrying capacity and robustness over document format transcoding. The RSE authentication method is based on the NP-complete Exact Traveling Salesman Problem, which provides a rigorous foundation for security. The RSE authentication method is secure in the sense it is extremely difficult to forge the authentication process. RSE authentication process is also easy to operate, especially in comparison to digital signatures which requires Public Key Infrastructure for its operation. © 2006 IEEE.
Source Title: IEEE Transactions on Multimedia
ISSN: 15209210
DOI: 10.1109/TMM.2006.886334
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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