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Title: Epidemiology and Social Determinants of Visual Impairment and Diabetic Retinopathy
Keywords: epidemiology, social determinant, visual impairment, diabetic retinopathy
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2012
Source: ZHENG YINGFENG (2012-11-30). Epidemiology and Social Determinants of Visual Impairment and Diabetic Retinopathy. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Social determinants of health are referred to as the social and cultural conditions including socioeconomic status (SES) and other factors (e.g., ethnicity, gender, neighborhoods, literacy, marital status, and migration status) that influence individual and group differences in health. This thesis examines social determinants of VI and DR in a multiethnic Asian population in Singapore. Our study comprises 3 population-based, cross-sectional cohorts of Singapore-resident ethnic Malays, Indians and Chinese aged 40 and over, using the same study protocol. We found that the prevalence of VI and DR vary significantly across ethnicity, education, income, neighborhoods, literacy, marital status, language skill, and migration status in Singapore. These data provide the first major population-based data on the impacts of social and cultural issues affecting eye health in Asians. Future work needs to investigate the causal pathways and to assess how investment addressing these social determinants can improve health and reduce health inequalities.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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