Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0268-0033(00)00047-4
Title: Biomechanical study on the effect of twisted human patellar tendon
Authors: Thambyah, A. 
Thiagarajan, P. 
Goh, J.C.H. 
Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Graft mechanical properties
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
Source: Thambyah, A., Thiagarajan, P., Goh, J.C.H. (2000). Biomechanical study on the effect of twisted human patellar tendon. Clinical Biomechanics 15 (10) : 756-760. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0268-0033(00)00047-4
Abstract: Objective. To compare the stiffness and maximum strength between the untwisted and twisted free-tendon. Design. 22 twisted and untwisted sectioned-specimens of human cadaver patellar tendons were used and pulled to failure to obtain load-deformation profiles from which stiffness, maximum load to failure and elastic elongation limit were derived. Background. In the reconstruction of the deficient anterior cruciate ligament, the use of the central one-third of the patellar tendon is a well-established procedure in which, prior to insertion, the tendon graft may be twisted to mimic the natural orientation of the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee joint. Results. The untwisted tendons had a mean stiffness of 36.5 kg/mm (SD, 16.6 kg/mm) and maximum load of 165.9 kg (SD, 86.8 kg). With a 90°twist, the average stiffness of the twisted tendon was 66.5 kg/mm (SD, 25.4 kg/mm), with maximum load at 364.5 kg (SD, 109.9 kg), an increase of over 100%. The elastic elongation limit, or allowable elongation before permanent deformation or failure, was significantly larger in twisted tendons by 35%. Conclusion. Twisting increased the resistance to deformation of the tendon in this study. Relevance.The finding supports the surgical practice of pre-twisting tendon grafts for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, based on the premise that a stronger and stiffer graft provides a more favourable outcome. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
A comparative study of the stiffness and maximum strength between the untwisted and twisted free-tendon was carried out. For this purpose, 22 twisted sectioned-specimens of human cadaver patellar tendons were used and pulled to failure to obtain load-deformation profiles from which stiffness, maximum load to failure and elastic elongation limit were derived. Results indicate that twisting increase the resistance to deformation of the tendon.
Source Title: Clinical Biomechanics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/38529
ISSN: 02680033
DOI: 10.1016/S0268-0033(00)00047-4
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