Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3205(02)01858-1
Title: Aphrodisiac properties of Tribulus Terrestris extract (Protodioscin) in normal and castrated rats
Authors: Gauthaman, K.
Adaikan, P.G. 
Prasad, R.N.V. 
Keywords: Androgens
Aphrodisiac
Castration
Intracavernous pressure
Protodioscin
Sexual behaviour
Tribulus terrestris
Issue Date: 2002
Source: Gauthaman, K., Adaikan, P.G., Prasad, R.N.V. (2002). Aphrodisiac properties of Tribulus Terrestris extract (Protodioscin) in normal and castrated rats. Life Sciences 71 (12) : 1385-1396. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3205(02)01858-1
Abstract: Tribulus terrestris (TT) has long been used in the traditional Chinese and Indian systems of medicine for the treatment of various ailments and is popularly claimed to improve sexual functions in man. Sexual behaviour and intracavernous pressure (ICP) were studied in both normal and castrated rats to further understand the role of TT containing protodioscin (PTN) as an aphrodisiac. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups of 8 each that included distilled water treated (normal and castrated), testosterone treated (normal and castrated, 10 mg/kg body weight, subcutaneously, bi-weekly) and TT treated (castrated, 5 mg/kg body weight, orally once daily). Decreases in body weight, prostate weight and ICP were observed among the castrated groups of rats compared to the intact group. There was an overall reduction in the sexual behaviour parameters in the castrated groups of rats as reflected by decrease in mount and intromission frequencies (MF and IF) and increase in mount, intromission, ejaculation latencies (ML, IL, EL) as well as post-ejaculatory interval (PEI). Compared to the castrated control, treatment of castrated rats (with either testosterone or TT extract) showed increase in prostate weight and ICP that were statistically significant. There was also a mild to moderate improvement of the sexual behaviour parameters as evidenced by increase in MF and IF; decrease in ML, IL and PEI. These results were statistically significant. It is concluded that TT extract appears to possess aphrodisiac activity probably due to androgen increasing property of TT (observed in our earlier study on primates). © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Life Sciences
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/36928
ISSN: 00243205
DOI: 10.1016/S0024-3205(02)01858-1
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