Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/34871
Title: WAFER LEVEL ELECTROLESS COPPER METALLIZATION AND BUMPING PROCESS, AND PLATING SOLUTIONS FOR SEMICONDUCTOR WAFER AND MICROCHIP
Authors: LU, HAIJING
GONG, HAO 
WONG, CHEE KHUEN STEPHEN
Issue Date: 9-Mar-2005
Source: LU, HAIJING,GONG, HAO,WONG, CHEE KHUEN STEPHEN (2005-03-09). WAFER LEVEL ELECTROLESS COPPER METALLIZATION AND BUMPING PROCESS, AND PLATING SOLUTIONS FOR SEMICONDUCTOR WAFER AND MICROCHIP. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A process is used to produce copper bumps on a semiconductor chip or a wafer containing several microchips. The chip or wafer has a layer incorporating a plurality semiconductor devices and a passivation layer having openings. Conductive pads within the openings are in contact with the semiconductor devices. In the process, a conductive adhesive material is deposited onto the conductive pads to form adhesion layers. A conductive metal is deposited onto the adhesion layers to form barrier layers and the passivation layer is subjected to an acid dip solution to remove particles of the conductive adhesive material which can be attached to the passivation layer. Copper is then deposited onto the barrier layers to form the copper bump. Each one of the deposition steps are performed electrolessly. Furthermore, plating solutions and a wafer and a microchip produced by the above process and are provided.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/34871
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