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|Title:||Effects of cis-unsaturated fatty acids on doxorubicin sensitivity in P388/DOX resistant and P388 parental cell lines|
Cis-unsaturated fatty acids (c-UFAs)
|Citation:||Liu, Q.Y., Tan, B.K.H. (2000). Effects of cis-unsaturated fatty acids on doxorubicin sensitivity in P388/DOX resistant and P388 parental cell lines. Life Sciences 67 (10) : 1207-1218. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3205(00)00714-1|
|Abstract:||It has been reported that several cis-unsaturated fatty acids (c-UFAs) could increase doxorubicin (DOX) accumulation in cancer cells and hence elevate its cytotoxicity. However, some researchers showed that c-UFA pretreatment did not affect its cytotoxicity in special cell lines. It is possible that the different results occurred due to different cellular characteristics. We hypothesized that c-UFA treatment might modulate the activities of some antioxidant enzymes to affect the resistance of cells to DOX. In the present study, we examined how c-UFA pretreatment affected DOX cytotoxicity on mouse leukemia cell line, P388, and its resistant subline, P388/DOX, which we found to have significantly higher glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity as well as P-glycoprotein (p-gp) overexpression. We chose two c-UFAs, γ-linolenic acid (GLA) (18:3n-6) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (22:6n-3). Cytotoxicity was measured by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) and trypan blue exclusion assays. DOX accumulation and p-gp expression were measured by flow cytometry. The activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and GPx were determined for both cell lines with and without treatment with GLA or DHA. Significant DOX accumulation occurred in both cell lines with GLA or DHA pretreatment, but without any change in p-gp expression in either cell line. Sensitivity to DOX cytotoxicity was improved by GLA or DHA pretreatment in P388/DOX in which only SOD activity was significantly increased, but not in the parental cell line P388 in which both SOD and CAT were significantly increased by the pretreatment. However, combined pretreatment of GLA or DHA with antioxidants, pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC) or Vitamin C, could sensitize not only P388/DOX but also P388 cells to DOX. We conclude that the effects of c-UFA pretreatment on the sensitivity of cancer cells to DOX not only depend on the change in drug accumulation but also the change in the levels of antioxidant enzyme activities, and suggest that combined administration of c-UFAs, antioxidants, and DOX may be more effective in treating leukemia. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.|
|Source Title:||Life Sciences|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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