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|Title:||Effects of des-aspartate-angiotensin I on the expression of angiotensin AT1and AT2receptors in ventricles of hypertrophic rat hearts|
|Source:||Chen, W.S., Sim, M.K. (2004). Effects of des-aspartate-angiotensin I on the expression of angiotensin AT1and AT2receptors in ventricles of hypertrophic rat hearts. Regulatory Peptides 117 (3) : 207-212. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regpep.2003.10.017|
|Abstract:||The effects of des-aspartate-angiotensin I (DAA-I) on the expression of angiotensin AT1 and AT2 receptor in hearts of aortic coarcted rats were studied. The protocols used included competitive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting, and receptor-ligand binding assays. mRNA of the AT1 and AT2 receptors increased significantly after 4 days of aortic coarctation (7- and 4-folds of sham-operated, respectively). However, the protein of the AT 1 receptor was not altered, and only increase in protein of the AT2 receptor was detected. There was an increase in [ 125I]Sar1-Ile8-angiotensin II binding sites in the ventricular membranes of hypertrophic hearts, which was attributed to an upregulation of the AT2 receptor. Treatment with i.p. DAA-I resulted in a significant reduction of cardiac hypertrophy, the maximum effect was achieved with a dose of 200 nmol/kg/day. The anti-cardiac hypertrophy effect appeared to be U-shape, and at a higher dose of 800 mol/kg/day, there was a loss of effect. DAA-I had no effect on the receptor protein in ventricles of hypertrophic hearts. However, DAA-I dose-dependently decreased the binding of [125I]Sar1-Ile8-angiotensin II to ventricular membranes. The decrease was due to a likely desensitization by internalization of the AT1 receptor, and this probably contributed to the loss of hypertrophic effects at 800 nmol/kg/day. Treatment of DAA-I also resulted in a remarkable increase in AT2 receptor mRNA (24-fold increase over the sham-operated), which was not coupled to translation. The present findings provide new information regarding the relationship between cardiac hypertrophy and the angiotensin receptors, and the anti-cardiac hypertrophic actions of DAA-I via the AT1 receptors. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Source Title:||Regulatory Peptides|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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