Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7519(02)00005-X
Title: Recent advances in Blastocystis hominis research: Hot spots in terra incognita
Authors: Tan, K.S.W 
Singh, M. 
Yap, E.H. 
Keywords: Apoptosis
Blastocystis
Culture
Genetic diversity
Immunobiology
Morphology
Pathogenesis
Programmed cell death
Taxonomy
Issue Date: 2002
Source: Tan, K.S.W, Singh, M., Yap, E.H. (2002). Recent advances in Blastocystis hominis research: Hot spots in terra incognita. International Journal for Parasitology 32 (7) : 789-804. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7519(02)00005-X
Abstract: Despite being discovered more than 80 years ago, progress in Blastocystis research has been gradual and challenging, due to the small number of laboratories currently working on this protozoan parasite. To date, the morphology of Blastocystis hominis has been extensively studied by light and electron microscopy but all other aspects of its biology remain little explored areas. However, the availability of numerous and varied molecular tools and their application to the study of Blastocystis has brought us closer to understanding its biology. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss recent advances in B. hominis research, with particular focus on new, and sometimes controversial, information that has shed light on its genetic heterogeneity, taxonomic links, mode of transmission, in vitro culture and pathogenesis. We also discuss recent observations that B. hominis has the capacity to undergo programmed cell death; a phenomenon similarly reported for many other unicellular organisms. There are still many gaps in our knowledge of this parasite. Although there is a growing body of evidence suggesting that B. hominis can be pathogenic under specific conditions, there are also other studies that indicated otherwise. Indeed, more studies are warranted before this controversial issue can be resolved. There is an urgent need for the identification and/or development of an animal model so that questions on its pathogenesis can be better answered. Another area that requires attention is the development of methods for the transfection of foreign/altered genes into B. hominis in order to facilitate genetic experiments. © 2002 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal for Parasitology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/31370
ISSN: 00207519
DOI: 10.1016/S0020-7519(02)00005-X
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