Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0042-6822(02)00098-3
Title: Induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis by betanodaviruses GGNNV and demonstration of protein α as an apoptosis inducer
Authors: Guo, Y.X.
Wei, T.
Dallmann, K.
Kwang, J. 
Keywords: Apoptosis
Betanodavirus greasy grouper (Epinephelus tauvina) nervous necrosis viruses (GGNNV)
Caspase-3-like protease (DEVDase) activity
Caspase-8-like protease (IETDase) activity
Cos-7 cells
Protein α
Sea bass cells
Issue Date: 2003
Source: Guo, Y.X., Wei, T., Dallmann, K., Kwang, J. (2003). Induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis by betanodaviruses GGNNV and demonstration of protein α as an apoptosis inducer. Virology 308 (1) : 74-82. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0042-6822(02)00098-3
Abstract: Betanodaviruses, members of the Nodaviridae family, are the causative agents of viral nervous necrosis in fish and infection by which cause high mortality in larvae and juveniles in a wide range of marine fish species in Asia, Europe, Australia, Martinique, and Tahit. Greasy grouper (Epinephelus tauvina) nervous necrosis viruses (GGNNV) were investigated for their apoptotic activity in culture cells. GGNNV infection of sea bass (SB) cells appeared to induce a typical cytopathic effect (CPE), i.e., cytoplasmic vacuolation, thinning, rounding up, detachment of infected cells from the cultured dish, and eventually cell lysis and death. The infected SB cells underwent DNA fragmentation and stained positive in terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay, suggesting that GGNNV infection induced apoptosis in SB cells. In addition, GGNNV-infected SB cells showed an increased activity of caspase-8-like proteases (IETDase) and caspase-3-like proteases (IETDase), whereas inhibitor of caspase-8 and caspase-3 reduced GGNNV-induced apoptosis. This suggests that GGNNV may promote apoptosis via the extrinsic pathway in SB cells. Protein α, the precursor of GGNNV capsid proteins, was transiently expressed in SB and Cos-7 cells. The DNA fragmentation and TUNEL positive signal were apparent in SB and Cos-7 cells expressing protein α, suggesting that protein α may serve as an apoptotic inducer in these cells. Moreover, expression of protein α resulted in the activation of caspase-3-like proteases in both cells, which could be inhibited by a caspase-3-like protease specific inhibitor DEVD-CHO peptide. These results suggest that fish caspases are important elements in GGNNV-meditated apoptosis. © 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
Source Title: Virology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/31310
ISSN: 00426822
DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6822(02)00098-3
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