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Title: Identification and Characterization of svp-interacting proteins of short vegetative phase in Arabidopsis Thaliana
Keywords: SVP, floral transition, MADS-box protein, J-domain protein, protein interaction, Arabidopsis
Issue Date: 3-Aug-2010
Citation: SHEN LISHA (2010-08-03). Identification and Characterization of svp-interacting proteins of short vegetative phase in Arabidopsis Thaliana. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The timing of the switch from vegetative to reproductive development in Arabidopsis is controlled by an intricate network of flowering pathways, which converge on the transcriptional regulation of two major floral pathway integrators, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1). SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) acts as a key flowering regulator that interacts with FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) to repress the expression of FT and SOC1 in leaves and shoot apical meristems. Here we report the identification of another potent flowering promoter, Arabidopsis DnaJ homolog 3 (J3), which mediates the integration of flowering signals through its direct interaction with SVP. J3 encodes a type I J-domain protein, and is ubiquitously expressed in various plants tissues. J3 expression is regulated by photoperiod, vernalization, and gibberellin (GA) pathways. Loss of function of J3 results in a significant late-flowering phenotype, which is partly due to decreased expression of SOC1 and FT. We further show that J3 interacts directly with SVP in the nucleus and prevents in vivo SVP binding to SOC1 and FT regulatory sequences. Our results suggest a hitherto unknown flowering mechanism, in which J3 integrates flowering signals from several genetic pathways, and acts as a transcriptional regulator to upregulate SOC1 and FT through directly attenuating SVP binding to their regulatory sequences during the floral transition.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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