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|Title:||Development of multiplex real-time hybridization probe reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for specific detection and differentiation of Enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A16|
Tak, Kwong Chow V.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD)
Multiplex real-time RT-PCR
Rapid detection and differentiation
|Source:||Tan, E.L., Tak, Kwong Chow V., Poh, C.L., Quak, S.H., Yeo, W.C.A. (2008). Development of multiplex real-time hybridization probe reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for specific detection and differentiation of Enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A16. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 61 (3) : 294-301. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2008.02.009|
|Abstract:||Large outbreaks of hand, foot, and mouth disease have been reported in the Asia Pacific region over the last few years and resulted in significant fatalities. The 2 main etiologic agents are Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16). Both viruses are closely related genetically and show similar clinical symptoms. However, EV71 are associated with neurologic complications and can lead to fatalities. In this study, we developed a multiplex real-time hybridization probe reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction to detect and differentiate EV71 from CA16 using the LightCycler (Roche Molecular Biochemicals). Specific primers and hybridization probes were designed based on highly conserved VP1 region of EV71 or CA16. Our results showed high specificity and sensitivities in detecting EV71 or CA16 from 67 clinical specimens, and no other enterovirus serotype was detected. Rapid diagnosis to differentiate EV71 from CA16 in outbreak situations will enable pediatricians to identify and manage the patients more effectively. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Source Title:||Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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