Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2008.08.002
Title: Protective immunity against influenza H5N1 virus challenge in mice by intranasal co-administration of baculovirus surface-displayed HA and recombinant CTB as an adjuvant
Authors: Prabakaran, M.
Velumani, S.
He, F. 
Karuppannan, A.K.
Kwang, J. 
Geng, G.Y.
Yin, L.K.
Keywords: H5N1 influenza
Hemagglutinin
Mucosal vaccine
rCTB
Recombinant baculovirus
Issue Date: 2008
Source: Prabakaran, M., Velumani, S., He, F., Karuppannan, A.K., Kwang, J., Geng, G.Y., Yin, L.K. (2008). Protective immunity against influenza H5N1 virus challenge in mice by intranasal co-administration of baculovirus surface-displayed HA and recombinant CTB as an adjuvant. Virology 380 (2) : 412-420. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2008.08.002
Abstract: The increasing number of recent outbreaks of HPAI H5N1 in birds and humans brings out an urgent need to develop potent H5N1 vaccine regimens. Here we present a study on the intranasal vaccination of recombinant baculovirus surface-displayed hemagglutinin (BacHA) or inactivated whole H5N1 viral (IWV) vaccine with a recombinant cholera toxin B subunit (rCTB) as a mucosal adjuvant in a BALB/c mouse model. Two groups of mice were vaccinated with different doses (HA titer of log 24 or log 28) of either HA surface-displayed baculovirus or inactivated whole viral vaccine virus adjuvanted with different doses (2 μg or 10 μg) of rCTB. The vaccinations were repeated after 28 days. HA specific serum IgG and mucosal IgA antibodies were quantified by indirect ELISA, and serum neutralizing antibody titer were estimated by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay and virus neutralization titer assay. Functional protective efficacy of the vaccine was assessed by host challenge against HPAI H5N1 strains. The results revealed that mice co-administered with log 28 HA titer of BacHA vaccine and adjuvanted with 10 μg of rCTB had a significantly enhanced serum IgG and mucosal IgA immune response and serum microneutralization titer compared with mice administered with unadjuvanted log 24 or log 28 HA titer of BacHA alone. Also vaccination with 10 μg of rCTB and log 28 HA titer of BacHA elicited higher HA specific serum and mucosal antibody levels and serum HI titer than vaccination with log 28 HA titer of inactivated H5N1 virus adjuvanted with the same dose of rCTB. The host challenge study also showed that 10 μg rCTB combined with log 28 HA titer of BacHA provided 100% protection against 10MLD50 of homologous and heterologous H5N1 strains. The study shows that the combination of rH5 HA expressed on baculovirus surface and rCTB mucosal adjuvant form an effective mucosal vaccine against H5N1 infection. This baculovirus surface-displayed vaccine is more efficacious than inactivated H5N1 influenza vaccine when administered by intranasal route and has no biosafety concerns associated with isolation, purification and production of the latter vaccine. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Virology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/24876
ISSN: 00426822
10960341
DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2008.08.002
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